This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Heroin dependence is a major health and social problem associated with increased morbidity and mortality that adversely affects social circumstances, productivity, and healthcare and law enforcement costs. In the UK and many other Western countries, both methadone and buprenorphine are recommended by the relevant agencies for detoxification from heroin and for opioid maintenance therapy.
The law, however, allows a medical practitioner to orally prescribe the use of Methadone in cases of emergency. Moreover, the law strictly provides that written prescriptions for Methadone could not be refilled U. Drug Enforcement Administration, Already in use for over 30 years, methadone serves as a substitute for the opioid substances, occupying that part of the brain which serves as the usual receptor of these substances.
By doing so, Methadone triggers a change in the behavior of the patients and later causes them to stop their habit. A daily dose of methadone which is taken orally suppresses the withdrawal symptoms from heroin and morphine for up to 36 hours, thereby lessening the cravings felt by addicts.
It has been found to be rather effective. However, the problem with the system was the strict regulations involved in dispensing methadone.
Then the methods and schedules of dosage were to be decided by the Department of Health and Human Services working in tandem with the FDA. For applicants, the process amounted to a mountain of regulations and restrictions established by both the state and federal authorities The Politics of Methadone, This was the main reason why as ofonly more than methadone clinics operated in the country.
The clinics which were allowed in other states, on the other hand, maintained strict hours — usually only in the mornings. That practice made it very difficult for patients to follow the required treatment schedules.
A particularly difficult situation was experienced by addicts living in Athens, Ohio, for instance, who had to travel as far as Columbus, Ohio, which is 74 miles away, just to get their methadone dose for the day.
She was referring to the recommendation made by Dr. Lewis Judd, then chairman of the Department of Psychiatry of the University of California at San Diego and other National Institute of Health NIH officials that in order to make methadone treatment more readily available to heroin addicts who wanted to kick their addiction, the federal government had to get rid of some or even most of the regulations governing methadone use and prescription.
Their appeal did not go unheeded. His exact words were: After more than three decades of the program, the NPRM proposed that methadone treatment should be considered a valuable clinical tool for treating heroin addiction.
As a clinical tool, therefore, the NPRM recommended that methadone maintenance treatment be freed of rigid statutory regulations. Instead, a system should be established which would accredit programs that would assure quality treatment and performance on the part of the methadone clinics and medical practitioners.
Essay about Methadone Maintenance Treatment problem. The intangible cost of broken families, unstable communities, increased crime due to drug seeking behaviors and most importantly increased disease transmission, mean that opiate addiction is a concern for addicted individuals and society. Methadone Not very may people know exactly what methadone is, what it is used for, and why it is necessary. Addiction is an illness, and there are many substances that enable addiction. Addiction is an illness, and there are many substances that enable addiction. Methadone Maintenance a program was first used widely as an opioid replacement therapy to treat heroin dependence, and it remains the best-researched treatment for this problem.
This policy change would effectively get rid of rigid rules, ensure greater discretion, and establish a standard for the care and treatment of opioid addicts. While future accreditations would be handled by a state or a federal accrediting authority, the DEA would remain as the body which would be primarily responsible for seeing to it that methadone is not used illegally Broekhuysen, Bythe proposal for a new accrediting system was adopted.
This new system, which was arrived at after a public hearing which was conducted on January 31, and another on May 10, in Rockville, Maryland, was aimed at permitting greater medical judgment in the treatment of opioid addiction.Methadone Essay Methadone, a synthetic narcotic with a suppression effect lasting 24 to 36 hours, is the most effective medication to help heroin patients overcome their addiction.
Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) rapidly expanded following its demonstration as . Methadone Maintenance Treatment. Methadone Maintenance Treatment. Methadone is the generic name of an artificial narcotic which has been described as a safe and effective medication for pain but is also used in dealing with addiction to opioid substances such as heroin and morphine - Methadone Maintenance Treatment introduction.
Methadone Maintenance a program was first used widely as an opioid replacement therapy to treat heroin dependence, and it remains the best-researched treatment for this problem.
Methadone was developed in as a painkiller, and by oral methadone was .
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Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) has been in place for over 30 years. Initially used as an analgesic before the Second World War, it was used to rectify . Methadone Maintenance Treatment and its Psychosocial Effects on Individuals by Fatai Adeshina Popoola (BEd\ Political Science, LADC) Proposal for a Clinical Research Paper.
Essay about Methadone Maintenance Treatment problem. The intangible cost of broken families, unstable communities, increased crime due to drug seeking behaviors and most importantly increased disease transmission, mean that opiate addiction is a concern for addicted individuals and society.