Global drug prohibition slowly evolved during the 20th century with several international meetings culminating in three UN drug treaties and a network of UN agencies to enforce them. This approach has been an utter failure. And deaths, disease, crime, corruption and violence have all soared.
Other issues Illicit drugs: It attracts criminal organizations because the potential profits are significantly more than from other criminal commodities: As the report notes p.
It is also a global issue because profits [from illicit drugs] accrue to a wide range of actors, from poor rural farmers to affluent urban dealers.
But, in many instances, the single most profitable sector of the market is the process of transporting the drugs internationally. The funds raised by trafficking groups can be used to underwrite other criminal activity and even political insurgency.
The UN estimates that some million people 4. Back to top Legal and Illegal Drugs A lot of effort goes into tackling illegal drugs, but there are some legal drugs that affect far more people worldwide than illegal drugs: Tobacco and alcohol are considered drugs by health professionals even though these ones are legal and usually regulated in some way.
In that context, drug use of some sort, such as alcohol and marijuana, has been common throughout the history of human civilization. It seems that people like to consume mind-altering substances even though there may be serious health implications associated with many of these drugs.
But today, there is also the criminal element that drugs attract. Back to top Tackling the problem: A common approach and one taken by countries such as the United States and international organizations such as the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime is that drugs should be made illegal and there should be strong emphasis on clamping down on the illegal drugs trade.
In many countries, this has led to extra law-enforcement costs and overflowing prisons. The drugs problem is seen as a criminal issue. The Netherlands, however, has taken a different approach and partly decriminalized certain soft drugs in small proportions.
The drugs problem is seen primarily as a health issue. This has had a knock-on effect of drug tourism where some tourists go there to get substances. Should illegal drugs be decriminalized? The prestigious British Medical Journal BMJ provided some interesting insights into the question of whether drugs should be decriminalized or not: Legalizing them risks increasing their availability: Drugs are not dangerous because they are illegal; they are illegal because they are dangerous.Oct 16, · The real lesson of Prohibition is that the society can, indeed, make a dent in the consumption of drugs through laws.
There is a price to be paid for such restrictions, of course. measures that are designed, first, to increase surveillance in the public domain (e.g., on the street, in the workplace, on public transport) through police patrols, citizen .
Oct 29, · In doing so, both countries put themselves in clearly violation of the UN anti-drug treaties that are the legal backbone of global drug prohibition. The US arguably continues to do so through state-level legalization accommodated by federal practice.
31 DRUG TRAFFICKING ORGANIZATIONS AND COUNTER-DRUG STRATEGIES IN THE U.S.-MEXICAN CONTEXT Luis Astorga and David A. Shirk OVERVIEW The proliferation and impunity of organized crime groups involved in drug traffick-. Drug trafficking through Central America is more threatening than ever before.
To combat high levels of organized crime, cartel activity, violence, and institutional corruption, Central American countries must develop coordinated efforts and joint security measures, .
Besides the standard ETI, Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force (OCDETF), and RICO investigative tools, the FBI participates in different working groups and initiatives to combat Asian.