Causes of heart failure The heart is a double pump made up of four chambers.
What is the "interstitium" of the kidney? Why might the term "thyroidization" be described here as an adjective? Demonstrate a tubule with coagulation necrosis. Show, in any way, shape, or form, a necrotic tubule.
Name two or three most common causes of ATN. Draw a line between the necrotic cortex and the more viable appearing medulla. On which side of that line can nuclei be discerned more easily?
Liver--Acute and chronic cholangitis Which parts of the cut sections of the liver show the inflammatory changes? What is the usual cause of cholangitis? Why might this be called "acute" and "chronic" from a histopathological point of view? What is the definition of ANY cholangitis? Demonstrate an inflamed area.
What changes are seen in the bile ducts themselves plain English, please? Why are true infarcts of the lung uncommon even with pulmonary emboli? Why might this one be called septic? Can you see bacteria? Why might this be called a hemorrhagic infarct rather than anemic as in the kidney?
Identify the abscess by drawing a circle around it. Lung--Bronchopneumonia What is the main differentiation between bronchopneumonia and lobar pneumonia?
Where do "broncho"-pneumonias start? Why might this lung be heavier than normal? Why might there be fewer air bubbles when you squeeze it i.
Would you call this acute or chronic? Show a thickened "interstitium" next to a more normal thickness interstitium? Is this a non-specific finding in many chronic lung disease states? Name some common things which this might be associated with. Why might this be called the "early" stage of inflammation?
Demonstrate at least two reasons why. What is the definition of empyema? Why might the term "organized granulation" tissue be redundant? Why might "empyema" and "granulation" be oxymoronic?
Demonstrate abundant new ingrowth of blood vessels. What is a classical profile with somebody with sarcoid? Why do may people, erroneously, regard sarcoidosis as granulomas in which no organisms can be cultured?
Demonstrate a classical granuloma. What three types of cells are classically found in granulomas? What is a microabscess defined as? Delineate an alveolus jam packed with neutrophils Lung --Healed granuloma Why is this called "healed"?
If this was active TB years ago, and it is now called "healed", might you still expect to culture acid fast organisms from here? Can the terms fibrosis and scarring be used interchangeably? Why is this called "organizing"? What are the common cells and structures seen in organizing inflammation in ANY part of the body?What Is A TAVR (TAVI)?
TAVR is a revolutionary new heart valve treatment most commonly used to treat a tight aortic valve, otherwise known as aortic stenosis,. TAVR stands for ‘transcatheter aortic valve replacement’, it is also commonly referred to as TAVI, which . Heart failure refers to the heart’s inability to pump enough blood to satisfy the needs of the body.
Major causes of heart failure are coronary heart disease and high blood pressure.
Treatment includes medications, lifestyle changes and surgery. Heart failure, sometimes called congestive cardiac. Findings from the Framingham Heart Study suggested that subclinical cardiac dysfunction and noncardiac comorbidities are associated with increased incidence of heart failure, supporting the idea that heart failure is a progressive syndrome and that noncardiac factors are extremely important.
Heart Failure Nurse Education. Nurses play a key role in providing acute inpatient and outpatient care for patients with heart failure care. Thus, optimizing their knowledge and skill in heart failure care promotes CHF QUERI's goals of reduced readmissions and improved outcomes for veterans with heart failure.
Mar 27, · Four stages along a continuum of heart failure are described, with the first two stages representing patients having medical conditions that increase the risk of heart failure (Hunt et al. e). Stage A patients may have atherosclerosis, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, metabolic syndrome, or have a family history of heart failure, but without.
N Client Case Study. He has a past medical history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, hypertension, acute renal failure, congested heart failure, cerebral vascular attack, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, prostate cancer, gout, osteoarthritis, and hyperlipidemia.