It served as the breeding ground for the modern structure of security and intelligence, and for the postwar balance of power that formed the framework for the Cold War. Weapons, materiel, and actual combat, though vital to the Allies' victory over the Axis, did not alone win the war. To a great extent, victory was forged in the work of British and American intelligence services, who ultimately overcame their foes' efforts. Underlying the war of guns and planes was a war of ideas, images, words, and impressions—intangible artifacts of civilization that yielded enormous tangible impact for the peoples of Europeeast Asiaand other regions of the world.
The Treaty of Paris more than doubled British territories in North America and eliminated the French as a threat.
While British power seemed more secure than ever, there were signs of trouble brewing in the colonies. The main problem concerned British finances. The British government had accumulated a massive debt fighting the French and Indian War, and now looked to the American colonies to help pay it.
King George III and his prime minister, George Grenville, noted that the colonists had benefited most from the expensive war and yet had paid very little in comparison to citizens living in England.
To even this disparity, Parliament passed a series of acts listed below designed to secure revenue from the colonies. In addition, royal officials revoked their policy of salutary neglect and began to enforce the Navigation Acts, and newer taxation measures, with vigor.
Angry colonists chafed under such tight control after years of relative independence. The Proclamation Line In efforts to keep peace with the Native Americans, the British government established the Proclamation Line inbarring colonial settlement west of the Allegheny Mountains in Pennsylvania.
The Sugar Act InParliament passed the Sugar Act to counter smuggling of foreign sugar and to establish a British monopoly in the American sugar market. The act also allowed royal officials to seize colonial cargo with little or no legal cause.
Unlike previous acts, which had regulated trade to boost the entire British imperial economy, the Sugar Act was designed to benefit England at the expense of the American colonists. A major criticism of the Sugar Act was that it aimed not to regulate the economy of the British Empire but to raise revenue for the British government.
This distinction became important as the colonists determined which actions of the British government warranted resistance.
This act required Americans to buy special watermarked paper for newspapers, playing cards, and legal documents such as wills and marriage licenses. Violators faced juryless trials in Nova Scotian vice-admiralty courts, where guilt was presumed until innocence was proven.
Like the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act was aimed at raising revenue from the colonists. As such, it elicited fierce colonial resistance. They argued that they should be able to determine their own taxes independent of Parliament. Prime Minister Grenville and his followers retorted that Americans were obliged to pay Parliamentary taxes because they shared the same status as many British males who did not have enough property to be granted the vote or who lived in certain large cities that had no seats in Parliament.
This theory of virtual representation held that the members of Parliament not only represented their specific geographical constituencies, but they also considered the well-being of all British subjects when deliberating on legislation.
Opposition to the Stamp Act The Stamp Act generated the first wave of significant colonial resistance to British rule. By the end of the year, eight other colonial legislatures had adopted similar positions.Britain's only thoroughly anti-imperialist non-revisionist Communist Party.
at one an analysis of the many events which resulted in colonial opposition to great britain time. An analysis of the many events which resulted in colonial opposition to great britain.
a transferring Canada to Great Britain b.
ceding New Orleans to the Spanish c. the raising of taxes on many colonial goods Americans of the s based their opposition to the British on all of the following ideas except. Start studying APUSH Ch. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
As a result of the Seven Years' War, Great Britain. became the dominant power in North America. As a result of American opposition to the Townshend Acts.
Chapter 6: Conflict on the Edge of the Empire, Overview Britain’s attempt to strengthen control resulted in colonial resistance and Parliament to enforce Empire was met with an organized colonial opposition.
Britain responded with punitive measures, the colonists mobilized larger and larger segments of the society including.
History - Final Exam. History with Dr. Paul Werth American, Russian and Iranian Revolutions. STUDY. PLAY. The north american conflict between Great Britain and France, known as the seven years war. Ended the treaty of Paris. Colonel opposition led to the acts repeal in and encouraged revolutionary movement.
The Soviet Union suffered roughly 25 million war deaths compared with , war deaths in Britain and , in the United States; many war deaths were not recorded at the time and must be estimated statistically after the event.